Vitamin D deficiency is thought to be common among pregnant women in some populations, and has been found to be associated with an increased risk of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, preterm birth, and other tissue-specific conditions.
Does pregnancy cause vitamin D deficiency?
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy occurs frequently, but is completely preventable. While most nutrients in circulation increase during pregnancy, hemodilution may cause Vitamin D concentrations to decrease as early as 10 weeks gestation. Therefore, most pregnant women have low Vitamin D blood levels.
Is vitamin D safe in early pregnancy?
May 4, 2010 — Women who take high doses of vitamin D during pregnancy have a greatly reduced risk of complications, including gestational diabetes, preterm birth, and infection, new research suggests.
Can a pregnant woman take vitamin D supplement?
All pregnant women should take a 10 microgram supplement of vitamin D each day to give your baby enough vitamin D for the first few months of life. Breastfeeding mums should take a vitamin D supplement as well. Do not take more than 100 micrograms of vitamin D a day as it could be harmful.
Which vitamin D is best for pregnancy?
Daily doses of 4000 units/day are recommended for treatment in pregnancy. The use of lower doses of vitamin D, as contained in most prenatal calcium preparations (100-800 IU) cannot be condoned in symptomatic patients, or in those with documented low levels.
Can a vitamin D deficiency cause miscarriage?
Among women who became pregnant, each 10 nanogram per milliliter increase in preconception vitamin D was associated with a 12-percent lower risk of pregnancy loss. Vitamin D levels in the eighth week of pregnancy were not linked to pregnancy loss. The authors note that the study does not prove cause and effect.
When should you start taking vitamin D in pregnancy?
Vitamin D in pregnancy
You should take 10 micrograms (400 IU) of vitamin D a day between October and early March to keep your bones and muscles healthy.
How much vitamin D should I take for pregnancy?
According to the latest research, pregnant women need at least 2000 IU/day to ensure sufficiency–more than double the amount commonly contained in prenatal vitamins.
What vitamins should be avoided during pregnancy?
Supplements to avoid during pregnancy
- Vitamin A. You’ll often find vitamin A in your prenatal vitamins since it’s so important. …
- Vitamin E. …
- Black cohosh. …
- Goldenseal. …
- Dong quai. …
- Yohimbe. …
- Other herbal supplements considered unsafe during pregnancy.
What happens if you take too much vitamin D?
The main consequence of vitamin D toxicity is a buildup of calcium in your blood (hypercalcemia), which can cause nausea and vomiting, weakness, and frequent urination. Vitamin D toxicity might progress to bone pain and kidney problems, such as the formation of calcium stones.
What does vitamin D do in your body?
Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. These nutrients are needed to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone deformities such as rickets in children, and bone pain caused by a condition called osteomalacia in adults.
Is 6000 IU of vitamin D too much for pregnancy?
To attain optimal levels of vitamin D (probably at least 100 nmol/L, pregnant or not!) a dose of 4,000-6,000 IU per day (i.e. 10 times Blair’s suggested dose!), or greater, would be more appropriate, and still safe.
Can too much vitamin D be harmful in pregnancy?
The problem of excessive vitamin D intake during pregnancy is linked to the risk of hypercalcemia in the foetus, which is not a minor disease. The highest daily dose evaluated in pregnancy is 4,000 IU/day.
What causes low vitamin D?
What causes a vitamin D deficiency? A deficiency in vitamin D can result from inadequate exposure to sunlight, inefficient production in the skin, not enough vitamin D in your diet, and health conditions that can affect it including, gastrointestinal disorders, renal diseases, and liver diseases.
Does vitamin D affect fertility?
Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with a number of fertility problems, including PCOS, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, abnormal sperm function and reduced IVF success. Adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, gestational diabetes and preeclampsia have been observed in women with vitamin D Deficiency.